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Master Craps – Hints and Techniques: The History of Craps

Be clever, play clever, and pickup craps the correct way!

Dice and dice games goes back to the Middle Eastern Crusades, but current craps is approximately one hundred years old. Modern craps evolved from the 12th Century Anglo game called Hazard. Nobody knows for certain the birth of the game, although Hazard is said to have been invented by the Englishman, Sir William of Tyre, in the 12th century. It is presumed that Sir William’s knights wagered on Hazard during a siege on the fortification Hazarth in 1125 AD. The title Hazard was derived from the citadel’s name.

Early French colonists brought the game Hazard to Canada. In the 1700s, when expelled by the English, the French relocated south and settled in the south of Louisiana where they eventually became known as Cajuns. When they left Acadia, they took their favorite game, Hazard, with them. The Cajuns simplified the game and made it fair mathematically. It is said that the Cajuns changed the title to craps, which is derived from the name of the bad luck throw of two in the game of Hazard, known as "crabs."

From Louisiana, the game moved to the Mississippi river boats and across the nation. A great many acknowledge the dice builder John H. Winn as the father of current craps. In the early 1900s, Winn assembled the current craps setup. He appended the Do not Pass line so players can wager on the dice to lose. At another time, he developed the boxes for Place wagers and added the Big 6, Big 8, and Hardways.

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